List of abstracts for the IV International HCA conference - Hans Christian Andersen between children's literature and adult literature
Chronotope of Andersen's Fairy Tales and Stories
It is not an exaggeration to say that the literary fairy tale ('eventyr') as a genre was definitively formed by H.C. Andersen. While he did not create the genre, he wrote the most original examples of this new literary form, and he single-handedly established the literary fairy tale as separate from folklore and as a distinct genre of short prose. The problem for analysis is
that Andersen not only created the genre of the literary fairy tale
('eventyr'), he also destroyed it when he created another new genre form - 'historie' (story, tale). 'Historie' is generically connected to the fairy tale but has a number of essential differences from it, the main one being specific genre polyphony, meaning that 'historie' can adopt the genre features of many other literary forms-as a fairy tale, a Christmas story, a novel, a ballad, a short story, a novella, etc. At the same time, 'historie' is opposed to all these genres. 'Historie' is a term that is not used extensively by many scholars as it is normal to use the name 'eventyr' (fairy tale) for all of Andersen's tales. But the fact is that his late
texts definitely are not fairy tales. Because Andersen's later tales have been included in the fairy tale genre, then, a certain instability has arisen in the genre definition. The causes of this similar instability can be found in the specific of space and time of the literary fairy tale. Mikhail Bakhtin used the term chronotope to show the syncretism of space and time in a literary text. The chronotope seems to be one of the most important characteristics of a text.